ERIOCAULON BREEDING

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Methods of aquarium eriocaulon breeding

In the article "ERIOCAULACEAE FAMILY. DESCRIPTION " were told about breeding of eriocaulon in nature. In this article, let's talk about breeding of eriocaulon in the aquarium.

It is not a secret that one of the first desires which occurs after purchasing new plant is the desire to breed this plant. The number of propagated plants is limited only by the imagination of the aquarist. And if the reproduction of other aquarium plants all more or less clear and relatively simple, in the case of eriocaulon quite the contrary. And the lack of information also makes it impossible to start to breed "hedgehogs" immediately.
We will try to tell you in this article about some of the methods of eriocaulon breeding. At the same time the some breeding options, for example, lateral shoots, we will not touch, because this kind of reproduction takes place without the participation of the aquarist. Reproduction of eriocaulon - it is very interesting, and somewhat prestigious as raise the level of aquarist's self-esteem to a new level. Yet this is not quite a simple matter and aquarist must decide - to engage in the multiplication of these plants, or leave it to the discretion of the nature.

Method one. Propagation by division.

This method is on the one hand is the easiest on the other s risky. There is a danger of losing some of the separated plants, and sometimes even all the parts of the plant. The simplicity of this method lies in the fact that nature itself has taken care of reproduction. And all you need - a separate one from the other plants. And we get at least two fully mature plants. The difficulty is that not all plants take root after the separation. It is likely that a new plant in his now independent life had something not to their liking.

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How do determine that the plant start breeding? It is usually seen even with the naked eye. In plants there are new points of growth and in these areas begin to form new plants. The photo clearly shows that this is not a single plant, but several fused together. Need to remove a eriocaulon from the water and with a sharp knife to divide the plant. This procedure is possible even without the use of tools, you can simply split-tear of the plants on the bush. However, for such an operation requires some experience.
On the page "ERIOCAULON-video" you can see the video instruction of this method.

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There is one more variant of this method of reproduction. This is, without waiting for the emergence of subsidiary plants, just go and cut in half (or more parts) adult plant. In favorable circumstances of the cut all parts will form the new plants. Do not be afraid that with this method you will get two semi-plant. Over time, "semi-plant" changes to a "whole" eriocaulon. This method is only suited to experienced aquarists who have an idea of breeding of eriocaulon by division. Since there is a very high probability of losing all the parts of eriocaulon. The photo shows the two parts of the same plant, in case such a method of reproduction.



It should be noted that not all types and sp. may be propagated by division. The following is a sample list of plants that can propagate by division and which can not recommended to be propagated by division.

    Сan be separated
  • Eriocaulon sp.Australia
  • Eriocaulon sp.Sieboldianum
  • Eriocaulon sp.Ratonagiriuni
  • Eriocaulon sp.Mang Jang
  • Eriocaulon sp.Japan (middle)
  • Eriocaulon Cinereum
  • Eriocaulon sp.Thailand
    Divided by themselves
  • Eriocaulon sp.Compressium
  • Eriocaulonsp sp.Japan Needle Leaf
  • Eriocaulon sp.Australia – red
  • Eriocaulon sp.Sulawesi
  • Eriocaulon sp.Japan Neadle Leaf
  • Eriocaulon sp. Watery Eyes
  • Eriocaulon sp. Vietnam
  • Eriocaulon sp. Feather Duster
  • Eriocaulon sp. Rio Banana
  • Eriocaulon sp. Malayatoor
    Unknown, probably not
  • Eriocaulon sp.Amami Oshima
  • Eriocaulonsp sp.Amanomanum Kirishima
  • Eriocaulon sp.Udontanichibioni
  • Eriocaulon sp.Hainan Island
  • Eriocaulon sp.Heimesilatama
  • Eriocaulon sp. from An Son River

Method two. Propagation by seed.

This method is described in detail in the article "Growing of eriocaulon from seed". This is probably the most difficult and unpredictable way to erioсaulon reproduction. Probably because the successful outcome is the level of training of the aquarists, his willingness to respond quickly to emerging problems, the ability to create the necessary conditions for the germination of seeds.

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For erioсaulon reproduction by the germination of seeds is better to use purchased seeds. This will reduce the propagation time, at least for the period spent on the process of getting their own seeds from their plants. And besides, not all types of eriocaulon have the opportunity to produce seeds if there is only one plant. It is clear that for getting seeds of some types of eriocaulons need a few plants. And to have available several flowering plants of one species is problematic..

Getting seeds of eriocaulon at home - a lengthy process and is conjugate with a greater risk of losing the plant and not to get seeds. So deal with this issue, we recommend to only the most "advanced" aquarists. And on your own risk.

At some time we can see that eriocaulon begins to produce flower stalks. If you do not plan on getting seeds, desirable to promptly remove all flower stalks . Since the flowering process robs from the plant a lot of energy, and it can lead to death of the plant. Unnecessary flower stalks can be pulled out, carefully holding a plant.

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If you have decided to getting the seeds to do, you must start when available will be 5-6 stems. You must remove the plant from the tank and transferred to humid location. For getting of eriocaulon seeds you need suitable container about 15cm tall. Alternatively, you can use a plastic box of cake. It is necessary to fall asleep in it the soil, for example, ADA Amazonia, and to plant flowering eriocaulon. Additionally lighting, filtering and fertilizer are not necessary. Since in case using of high luminance and fertilization there is the likelihood of algae. Do not be afraid, in the process of flowering erioсaulon shed their leaves.

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The photo shows three Eriocaulons that have started to bloom. From an aquarium they were transferred to a semi-submerged state. In the container you need to constantly add water (to replace the evaporated) from the same aquarium, where these plants were extracted from. It is recommended to periodically clean the algae fouling submerged in the water leaves with an old toothbrush. Approximately after two weeks, depending on the species and on the conditions required, the plant start flowering. Even though the plant has no leaves, it still continues to grow, flower spikes are extended, their number may increase. The authors have seen blooming Eriocaulons with 15-17 flower spikes. It should be noted that part of the stems may simply dry up. It seems, the plant is simply not enough strength to grow all the flower stalks and therefore it donates part to save the rest.

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After about another week begins the flowering itself. The photo shows an Eriocaulon's flower. The flowers are small in size. Male and female flowers are nearly always (except for a few species Eriocaulons) are located in the same head, the male flowers often hold a peripheral portion of the head. Flower petals are ciliate or hairy on the edge of the top.

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Since the beginning of flowering the flower must be pollinated with a soft brush. In nature Eriocaulons are pollinated by insects. Crawling on the upper surface of the head and thrusting its proboscis into the flower. It is not known which promotes pollination Eriocaulons flowers at home - insects or an artificial procedures of pollination with a brush, but noted that if not carried out additional manipulations with a brush, the seeds obtained are a few times less.

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After about 2 more weeks a box with seeds is produced. It is necessary to wait until the flower spikes begin to dry up. This is a sign that it is possible to harvest. After removing all the heads with seeds, plants, or rather what was left of them, can be returned to the aquarium. It is not the fact that the plants will have the strength to return to its previous form. In most cases the plant just dies. The photo shows how the plants look after the "harvest".

But the fact that you yourself able to get seeds of these plants compensates for the loss. After all, in front of you a new stage - the cultivation of new eriocaulon from your seeds! It is worth to take the risk! For there is nothing nicer eriocaulon that grow from seeds obtained from eriocaulon that have grown from the seeds ...

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A rare picture - Eriocaulon setaceum blooms. Occasionally someone manages to be a witness to this miracle. And to get a bloom of this species in the aquarium - even in the realm of fantasy! Usually Eriocaulon setaceum multiplies lateral shoots. But as seen in the photo, it is possible, and this type of reproduction.

Method third. Reproduction by subsidiary plants.

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Eriocaulon sp.Goias except breeding by division, has another interesting form of reproduction. The plant produces a flower spike, but in the end it is not a flower, and a small plant. An interesting way that is unique to this species. The photo shows the plant subsidiary, formed at the end of the flower stalk. With this method of reproduction importantly - do not rush to separate the "baby" from the parent plant. It is necessary to wait for the formation of the root system - 4-5 roots. The new plant without root system quickly dies.